Cancer is an uncontrolled and abnormal cell growth that can spread to other parts of the body, and disrupt normal bodily functions. Childhood cancers grow more rapidly than adult cancers because the cancer tissues grow together with the fast-growing tissues of the child. What happens when a child is diagnosed with Cancer?
The biggest advancement in the field of cancer treatment is the fast expanding arsenal of medicines in the treatment of cancer. These include cytotoxic agents as well as biologic agents and “targeted cancer therapies”. These newer chemotherapies are associated with higher effectiveness, less side effects and improved overall results. Some of these drugs have no hair loss, nausea, vomiting or other significant side effects. The administration of chemotherapy is closely supervised by medical oncologists and carried out by nurses with specialised training in Oncology. Chemotherapy is given in six ambulatory treatment centres in Gleneagles Hospital, Mount Elizabeth Hospital and Mount Elizabeth Novena Hospital. The various applications of chemotherapy include:
- Upfront or induction chemotherapy to shrink the tumour size before definitive local treatment with either surgery or radiotherapy;
- Concurrent chemo-radiation where the drugs are used as radio-sensitisers to improve the effectiveness of radiotherapy;
- Adjuvant chemotherapy (therapy after the initial treatment of cancer to suppress the secondary tumour formation) where the drugs are given after surgery or radiotherapy to treat micro-metastases which cannot be seen, so that patients will have a higher chance of cure;
- Curative chemotherapy in the treatment of cancers which are very chemo-sensitive like lymphoma, germ cell tumours and leukemias; High-dose chemotherapy and stem cell rescue;
- Palliative chemotherapy for advanced cancers aimed at killing the cancer cells, controlling disease, preserving quality-of-life and prolonging overall survival.
The greatest challenge for Radiation Therapy is to attain the highest probability of cure with the least side effects. Modern advances in computers and the parallel advances in imaging and biomedical engineering have allowed a higher level of complexity to be incorporated into radiation treatment planning and delivery. This has resulted in better localisation of tumours, more accurate delivery of radiation into the tumour and better avoidance of radiation high doses into normal tissues. Our Centre offers proven radiation treatment for cancers and benign tumours. These treatments are either carried out alone or as part of a multi-modality treatment (with chemotherapy or surgery).
- Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT)
- Image-Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT)
- 3D Conformal Radiation Therapy
- Conventional Radiation Therapy
- Stereotactic Radiation Therapy
- Brachytherapy and Implants
Since 2006, we offer patients TomoTherapy® (Image-Guided Radiation Therapy) using a TomoTherapy HI-ART System. It delivers precise treatment doses to the tumour and minimum radiation is deposited on healthy tissue. With this system, the radiation oncologist and therapists can check the location of the patient’s tumour before each treatment, using the computed tomography images taken with the machine, before delivering painless and precise radiation therapy based on a carefully customised plan.
Our specialist surgeons have extensive experience in the surgical management of cancer. The major advances in surgery are readily available in our Centre. These include radical surgery for advanced cancers, conservation surgery, minimal access surgery and reconstructive surgery.
- Breast surgery
- Colorectal surgery
- Thoracic surgery
- Head and Neck surgery
- Gynaecological surgery
- Neurosurgery – Orthopaedic surgery
- Urological surgery
- Gastrointestinal and Hepatic surgery
- Reconstructive surgery
- General surgery
Supporting the surgeons is a team of anaesthetists, intensivists, and physiotherapy and rehabilitation team to provide the necessary pre- and post-operative care to ensure safe and speedy recovery.
Disclaimer Notice: The information provided on this website is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only. Parkway Cancer Centre makes no representation and assumes no responsibility if the information, contained on or available through this website, is taken without our specialists’ consult.