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In Singapore, prostate cancer is the third most common cancer diagnosed in men. Here is a look at the risk factors, symptoms and treatment options. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. In Singapore, it is the third most frequently diagnosed cancer among men, after colorectal and lung cancers, and accounts for about one in seven cancer diagnoses in men, according to the Singapore Cancer Registry Report 2015. Figures show that Chinese and Indian men are more likely to be hit by prostate cancer than their Malay counterparts.
Prostate cancer is a tumour that grows in the prostate – a small walnut-sized gland below the bladder which produces seminal fluid. Most prostate cancers are slow-growing and confined to the prostate gland. However, there are also aggressive types which can spread quickly to other parts of the body, especially the bones and lymph nodes. If it is detected early, when the tumour is still confined to the prostate gland, the chance of successful treatment is higher.
Risk factors include:
In many cases, there are no symptoms; it is believed that as many as 80 per cent of men who reach the age of 80 will have prostate cancer. As most cases of prostate cancer are slow-growing, many men may die of other age-related diseases without ever realising that they have this cancer. When symptoms do emerge in more advanced stages, they may include weight loss, bone pain, difficulty passing urine, burning sensation or pain during urination, or blood in the urine.
While it is possible that these symptoms may be caused by something less serious, they could also be a warning sign for prostate cancer. If you have any sign or symptom that worries you, make an appointment to see a doctor so that further tests can be done.
Screening tests include:
Diagnostic tests include:
If prostate cancer is diagnosed, these tests may be done:
In some cases, because prostate cancer may take many years to progress, doctors may choose to monitor the tumour rather than treat it immediately. This is because treatment depends on factors such as the stage of the cancer, symptoms, age, and general health of the patient. Treatment options include:
In most cases, prostate cancer may not show any sign or symptom in its early stages. When symptoms do emerge in more advanced stages, they include:
Adapted from Parkway Cancer Centre resources.
|POSTED IN||Cancer Treatments|
|TAGS||history of cancer , men's cancer , metastatic cancer , primary bone cancer , prostatectomy , tumours|
|READ MORE ABOUT||Prostate Cancer|