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Essential Guide To Types of Cancer Screenings 2023
It is estimated that 1 in 5 individuals worldwide may develop cancer before the age of 75.
Cancer screening aims to help individuals detect cancer at an earlier stage or conditions that may lead to cancer before any symptoms appear. This makes it an effective tool for reducing cancer deaths, as cancer treatment is most effective when the cancer is discovered at an early stage.
For example, as colorectal cancers typically evolve from colonic polyps over a few years, a colonoscopy—which is used as a colorectal cancer screening tool—may help prevent colorectal cancers through the detection and removal of precancerous polyps.
Types of cancer screening include physical examinations, laboratory tests and imaging. Some cancer screening can also be done through self-examination at home e.g. breast self-examination.
In Singapore, the uptake of screening is suboptimal as illustrated in the following figure:
Cancer Screening: At a glance
|37.9% women age 50–69 who have undergone mammography in the last 2 years*||<1 in 2 women who have undergone cervical cancer screening*||41.1% residents age 50–74 who have undergone colorectal cancer screening within the recommended screening frequency*|
|*National Population Health Survey 2020, Ministry of Health|
Types of Cancer Screening^
|Cancer Type||Breast Cancer||Colorectal Cancer||Cervical Cancer|
|Gender||Female||Male & Female||Female|
|Age||40 & Above#||45 & Above##||21 & Above###|
|^Types of screening and ages shown are based on local population screening recommendations.|
# Source: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-cancer/screening-tests-and-early-detection/american-cancer-society-recommendations-for-the-early-detection-of-breast-cancer.html
## Source: https://www.uchicagomedicine.org/forefront/cancer-articles/new-guidelines-lower-colorectal-screening-age-from-50-to-45
### Source: https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/cervical/basic_info/screening.htm
It is important to follow the recommendations for cancer screening. Regular screening gives you the best chance of detecting cancer early.
|POSTED IN||Cancer Prevention|
|TAGS||cancer screening, cancer self-examination, cancerous polyps, colonoscopy, colorectal cancer, FOBT (faecal occult blood test), human papillomavirus (HPV) cancer, mammogram, pap smears, prevent cancer|
|READ MORE ABOUT||Breast Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Colorectal Cancer|
|PUBLISHED 01 JANUARY 2023|